Colwyn Bay Victoria Pier
Work began in 1899 to the design of Maynall and Littlewood of
Manchester. The pier opened on 1st June 1900 to a length of 220
feet, including a 2500 seat pavilion. The Bijou Theatre, built in
1916, accommodated 600. In 1922, the main pavilion was burnt
down. It was replaced the following year, by the pier's new
owners, the local council. In 1933, the pavilion was once again
destroyed by fire and, two months later, a separate blaze wrecked
the Bijou Theatre. A replacement pavilion opened in 1934.
Repairs were made to the pier in 1954 and from 1964 onwards. Trust
House Forte became owners in 1968, and the structure was
refurbished. However, in 1976 THF applied to demolish the seaward
end. A 4000 signature petition helped persuade Colwyn Borough
Council to refuse permission. Parker Leisure Holdings bought the
pier in 1979 and converted the 'Dixieland Showbar' into a disco
with adjoining bars.
In 1986, it was estimated that repairs to the seaward end would
cost £250,000 and, although grants were being sought, a further
application for demolition was made in 1987. The pier was put up
for sale in 1989 and again in July 1991. The pier was closed and
Ownership transferred to Mr. and Mrs. Paxman in late 1994 and
restoration work commenced. Visitors were admitted during the
summer of 1995. The Paxmans lived on the pier but were unable to
transform it into a major tourist attraction, and in December 2003
the pier was sold to Mr. Steve Hunt.
Mr Hunt began a programme of refurbishment of the pier but as a
private owner, was ineligible for Heritage Lottery Fund or other
grants. In 2008, in a highly charged dispute with Conwy Council,
Steve Hunt was made bankrupt, something he fought vigorously to get
overturned accusing the Council of corruption.
In the meantime, management of the pier was vested
in trustees, Royce Peeling Green (RPG) but the pier
continued to deteriorate and demolition was beginning to be
In 2010, a local support group, the Victoria Pier Pressure Group
announced their plans to acquire the Victoria Pier from the
trustees and outlined proposals for the pier which include a new
cafe, bar, children’s entertainment, fishing facilities and a
historic and environmental educational centre. However, with an
estimate of £5.5 million pounds to restore the pier, this was clearly going to be
a very challenging project.
With Mr Hunt effectively sidelined, but still asserting his rights to the pier,
plans began for a submission to the Heritage Lottery Fund.
The Council were supportive of the Pier Pressure Group's proposals and added support
came from the Welsh Government Minister who visited the pier in February 2011.
However, not everyone felt that restoring the pier was the best option and in
March 2011, the Chairman of the Colwyn Bay Civic Society called for the pier to be demolished.
Neverthless, in May 2011 Conwy Council announced that they would try to buy the pier and
would be seeking Welsh Government assistance.
Then in June 2011, Mr Hunt, the previous owner started
a hunger strike in protest at what he claimed was "overwhelming
evidence of wrongdoing" by the council. The local MP, David Jones, persuaded Mr Hunt to give up his hunger strike
but said that he felt that Mr Hunt had been 'airbrushed out of the process' and that
there had been 'insufficent engagement' with him.
Also in June 2011, the new not-for-profit company, 'Shore Thing', who had already been working closely
with the Pier Pressure Group, announced plans to run the pier on a not-for-profit basis,
reinvesting profits back into the business.
But the Trustees, RPG, who effectively still owned the pier were becoming increasingly concerned as
the pier's condition became worse with each passing day and pieces began falling off it.
Finally, in August 2011, they took the decision to disclaim interest in the pier pursuant
to section 315 of the Insolvency Act 1986 and ownership automatically passed to the Crown Estate.
Mr Hunt, having now been discharged from bankruptcy, reasserted his claim to ownership of the pier
and said he wanted to restore it.
In November 2011, a public consultation was held and Shore Thing's plans for the restored pier were put on show.
These received strong support and in March 2012, a bid went before the HLF Board for £4.9million towards the estimated total cost of £10 million.
However, the question of the pier's ownership was still to be resolved.
Then at the end of March 2012, it was announced that Conwy County Council had bought the Victoria Pier
from the Crown Estate with a £36,000 grant from the Welsh Government. This was not without its risks given
that the HLF bid had not yet been decided, something that became even clearer when only a few days later the HLF bid was rejected.
Nevertheless, Jennifer Stewart, head of HLF Wales, said that they were "impressed with the council's imaginative plans to transform Colwyn Bay Victoria pier
and its art deco pavilion into a much-needed community and tourist centre". The Council said a new improved Lottery bid would be made
and that at least now the council finally had control over the Grade II listed structure.
This statement seemed somewhat optimistic as a legal challenge to the ownership of Colwyn Bay’s Victoria pier was then made by its previous owner, Steve Hunt.
The case was scheduled for a full day hearing. Work continued to make the pier safe and in
August 2012 it was reported that a hearing at Cardiff Crown Court had ruled in the council's favour.
In November 2012, the courts also ruled against a separate claim of a 'beneficial interest' by Mr Hunt's mother.
But this was still not the end of the ownership dispute as in December 2012, an order was issued in the Royal Courts of Justice
giving Mr Hunt permission to appeal against the earlier decision that it should not be handed back to him.
Meanwhile, the council and Shore Thing continued with their bid for HLF funds to restore the pier which it was announced would include plans for an arts centre and
there was strong support for the remains of murals dating from the 1930s, by the artists Eric Ravilious and Mary Adshead, and which had been
covered in both wallpaper and a thin layer of plaster, to be restored.
The HLF bid for £5 million was submitted in March 2013.
April 2013 saw the continuation of the battle for ownership of the pier in an appeal at the High Court in London.
The former owner, Steve Hunt, who had been made bankrupt in 2008 in a dispute over unpaid council tax and business rates,
argued that the Victorian pier should have come to him three years after the bankruptcy.
Mr Hunt's mother also claimed that she still had an interest in the pier since she had paid over part of the money towards its purchase in 2003.
Conwy council disputed both claims and judgement was reserved. However, in May 2013, Sir William Blackburne subsequently ruled that Mr Hunt should get another chance to persuade a
local judge that the pier, and the foreshore on which it stands, should be formally 'vested' in him. There would therefore need to be a
re-hearing of the dispute at the County Court.
Despite the continuing saga of the pier's ownership, later in the month the Heritage Lottery Fund approved a grant of nearly £594,900 to
be used by Conwy Council to develop plans
for the full restoration of the pier. In July, the group announced a strategy involving awareness and fundraising events, including the Summer
Grand Draw Raffle on Friday, July 26 at 5pm, drawn by Conwy Council chief executive Iwan Davies. More events were planned and the group aimed to
establish a permanent presence in a portable cabin outside the pier to raise awareness.
Then in August, Colwyn Bay town councillors approved a £20,000 grant towards funding a professional
design team to draw up final proposals for the restoration and development of the pier.
An appeal was launched in October to raise £65,000 to preserve a rare mural created in the 1930s by Eric Ravilious and Mary Adshead
which had been discovered covered in wallpaper and a thin layer of plaster in the crumbling pier building.
In November, a report was presented to Conwy Council indicating that the restoration of the pier could cost £15,000,000.
This immediately prompted discussions on whether the pier should simply be demolished instead of being restored. This would need the Grade II structure to be
de-listed by heritage organisation, CADW.
The news that demolition of the pier was being considered generated a very strong response from businessess, local groups and members of the public. It was reported
that demolition would itself cost in the region of £1,000,000 which would effectively be dead money. Nevertheless, despite vehement opposition within the town,
Conwy councillors went ahead and voted to demolish the pier.
In January 2014, dozens of people were turned away from a packed meeting of the town council at which the director of pressure group, Shore Thing, reported that the
business plan to save the pier had not even been seen by the full council. The ownership of the pier also had still not been decided and was awaiting a court case in August.
In February 2014, Conwy Council formally declined the HLF award of £594,900 which had been intended to develop the restoration plans. But Shore Thing announced
that they were putting together a fresh bid to HLF to save the pier.
A final plea to reverse the demolition of the pier was made in March 2014 by the Victorian Society who said that the £15,000,000 figure previously quoted
was based on not just a restoration, but a major redevelopment of the structure and how it could function and there were significantly cheaper options. But in March 2014,
Conwy Council's cabinet approved the demolition plan.